May. 5, 2016

Juvenile Division

Juvenile Dependency proceedings involve the protection of children who have been or are at risk of being abused, neglected, or abandoned. Social workers and court appointed special advocates are available to protect the child's rights and assist the parent in following court orders.

Juvenile Delinquency proceedings involve children under the age of 18 alleged to have committed a delinquent act, which would be a crime if committed by an adult.

Hearings handled by the Juvenile Division include:

  • Initial/Detention Hearing - A hearing by a judicial officer of a juvenile court to determine whether a juvenile is to be detained or released while juvenile proceedings in the case are pending.
  • Jurisdiction Hearing - A hearing in where the parties either admit or deny the allegations that are contained within the petition.
  • Pre-Trial Hearing - Is a proceeding prior to trial/contest used to narrow the issues to be tried, obtain stipulations as to matters and evidence to be heard, and to take any steps necessary to aid in the disposition of the case.
  • Trial - Is a contested hearing in where the decision of wardship or dependency will be decided by the court after a trial in conducted and witnesses provide testimony.
  • Disposition Hearing - A hearing in juvenile court to determine the most appropriate form of custody and/or treatment for a juvenile who has been adjudged a delinquent, status offender, or a dependent.
  • Review Hearings - Are set to determine if family reunification is appropriate. In delinquency matters, review hearings are set to monitor the progress of the ward.

Juvenile Appeals

A notice of appeal must be filed within 60 days after the rendition of the judgment or the making of the order being appealed. Except as provided in California Rules of Court, Rule 8.66, no court may extend the time to file a notice of appeal.

For more information, consult Title 8 of the California Rules of Court, Rules 8.400 – 8.474, which sets forth the governing codes on the procedures for Juvenile cases.

Juvenile Traffic

The traffic division processes juvenile cases involving only infractions. You may pay a traffic infraction by telephone, online, or in person unless the citation indicates it is a mandatory appearance. If a mandatory appearance is required, a parent or legal guardian must accompany minors.


© 2016 Superior Court of California, County of Sutter